• Users Online: 60
  • Print this page
  • Email this page


 
 
Table of Contents
CASE REPORT
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 12-14

Compound odontoma associated with a dentigerous cyst


1 Department of Odontology, Vale Do Itajaí University, Itajaí, SC, Brazil
2 Department of Pathology, Federal of Santa Catarina University, Florianépolis, SC, Brazil

Date of Submission13-May-2019
Date of Decision30-Aug-2019
Date of Acceptance12-Sep-2019
Date of Web Publication28-Oct-2020

Correspondence Address:
Sarah Freygang Mendes Pilati
S. Uruguai, 458 - Centro, Itajaí, SC, 88302-901
Brazil
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/JHNP.JHNP_3_19

Rights and Permissions
  Abstract 


Dentigerous cysts (DCs) and odontomas are lesions of odontogenic origin relatively common in the oral cavity with a rare recurrence after treatment. The purpose of this study is to present a case of association of odontoma with DC in the mandible of a young patient and to describe all cases published in English literature to date. A 16-year-old male patient presented with a well-defined unilocular radiolucent lesion associated with impacted mandibular right canine. Mesially, there was another lesion, mixed with small radiopaque structures, similar to dental structures surrounded by a radiolucent halo. The diagnosis of DC associated with compound odontoma was made. This case report associated with the literature review of other reports highlights that the association of DC with odontoma is rare and further studies are needed to investigate the probable etiology of this association.

Keywords: Dentigerous cyst, jaw diseases, odontoma


How to cite this article:
Mendes Pilati SF, Schneider A, Parisotto A, Fedeli A, Gondak R. Compound odontoma associated with a dentigerous cyst. Int J Head Neck Pathol 2019;2:12-4

How to cite this URL:
Mendes Pilati SF, Schneider A, Parisotto A, Fedeli A, Gondak R. Compound odontoma associated with a dentigerous cyst. Int J Head Neck Pathol [serial online] 2019 [cited 2020 Nov 24];2:12-4. Available from: https://www.ijhnp.org/text.asp?2019/2/1/12/299468




  Introduction Top


Dentigerous cysts (DCs) and odontomas are lesions of odontogenic origin relatively common in the oral cavity with a rare recurrence after treatment.[1],[2] DC is an odontogenic developmental cyst with uncertain etiopathogenesis probably due to the accumulation of fluid between the reduced epithelium of the enamel organ and the dental crown. It is the second-most common cyst of the oral cavity mainly associated with impacted third molar.[2],[3] Odontoma is a tumor-like lesion or hamartoma of mixed epithelial and mesenchymal origin composed of hard and soft dental tissues. It is classified into complex and compound, and its etiopathogenesis is not yet clear having local genetic mutation or trauma as the possible causes.[2],[3],[4],[5] Odontomas are often surrounded by fibrous capsules and rarely associated with a DC. Hence, the enamel organ from the odontoma could contribute to the growth of this cyst of development.[6] The purpose of this study is to present a case of association of odontoma with DC in the mandible of a young patient and to describe all cases published in English literature to date.


  Case Report Top


A 16-year-old male patient, white, was referred to the oral diagnosis service by an orthodontist due to radiographic findings during treatment planning. On clinical examination, the patient revealed no systemic disease or traumatic history. On extraoral examination, the patient revealed no alterations, and intraoral examination showed the presence of deciduos right lower canine.

On radiographic examination, a well-defined unilocular radiolucent lesion, associated with the crown of an impacted lower right canine, was noted. In addition, there was another lesion, mixed with small radiopaque structures, similar to dental structures surrounded by a radiolucent halo, located mesially to the first lesion [Figure 1]a and b].
Figure 1: (a and b) Radiographic examination

Click here to view


The clinicoradiographic diagnosis was compound odontoma associated with a pericoronal follicle tooth. The patient underwent surgery to remove the lesions, receiving the pre- and postoperative guidelines, in addition to the postoperative medication prescriptions and daily mouthwash with 0.12% chlorhexidine gluconate solution for 7 days. The surgery was conducted under conscious sedation of the patient.

The lesions were removed, and the tooth #43 was extracted, which was closely related to the lesion, which made it impossible to pull the element. The procedures of edge regularization, final cleaning with saline, and repositioning of the flap and suture with 5-0 nylon thread were performed.

On microscopic examination, a fragment of fibrous connective tissue partially covered by stratified squamous epithelial tissue exhibiting the loosely arranged suprabasal layer was observed. The dense connective tissue was permeated by discrete chronic inflammatory infiltrate, where focal areas of pericoronal follicle-like epithelium were observed [Figure 2]a and b].
Figure 2: (a and b) Microscopic examination of the soft tissue

Click here to view


Fragments of pulp-like tissue surrounded by dentinoid tissue were observed [Figure 3]. After clinical, radiographic, and microscopic examinations, the diagnosis of DC associated with compound odontoma was made. The patient continues to be followed up for visualization of new bone formation, and informed consent was obtained for the report.
Figure 3: Microscopic examination of the hard tissue

Click here to view



  Discussion Top


A literature review was carried out for clinical cases in which DCs and odontomas were associated [Table 1]. Twelve cases were found, excluding those that were not published in Anglo-Saxon literature in addition to those cases that cannot be accessed due to the old year of publication, totaling 18 reported cases.[1],[3],[4],[5],[6],[7],[8],[9],[10],[11],[12],[13] It is observed that, although isolated lesions are frequent, their association is poorly reported. A review of 81 cases of odontomas was performed, and this association was observed in only 9% of the cases.[14] The association is uncommon and can be a challenge only through clinicoradiographic information. The diagnosis of these associated lesions is also important because of the risk of severe bone changes.[1],[3],[4]
Table 1: Literature review of odontomas associated with dentigerous cyst

Click here to view


The mean age of the reported cases was 19.91 years, ranging 3–58 years. The age of our patient was very close to the average. In the literature survey, it was observed that most of the cases (67%) were males, as the case reported here.[1],[3],[4],[6],[8],[10],[11],[13] Most cases (58%) occurred associated with impacted teeth as found in the case reported.[1],[4],[5],[9],[10],[11],[12] Only two cases have been reported without compound odontoma, unlike the present case.[5],[11] Four cases occurred in the anterior region as reported in the present case, and only one case was associated with lower canine.[4],[5],[9],[11] The treatment for both lesions is surgical removal with a good prognosis.[11]

Compound odontomas can be observed radiographically as multiple micro-teeth. In the case reported, radiopaque structures with radiolucent halo were observed with a capsule of odontogenic epithelium demonstrating the association of lesions.[2],[11] Thus, the microscopic examination was fundamental for the confirmation of the diagnosis of associated lesions. In addition, the odontoma capsule could be diagnosed as dental follicle due to some focal areas of odontogenic epithelium.[14]

Odontoma could be confused with the diagnosis of ameloblastic fibro-odontoma due to the presence of soft tissues consisting of epithelial strands that form knots. These have a peripheral rim of columnar cells similar to the inner enamel epithelium that embraces a loosely arranged spindle-shaped epithelium identical to stellate reticulum. The epithelial strands are permeated by a myxoid cell-rich stroma with stellate-shaped fibroblasts having cytoplasmic extensions resembling embryonic tooth pulp and parts of hard tissue such as enamel and dentin. However, the new WHO classification (2017) classified the lesion as an odontoma in formation.[2] Several mixed lesions could be considered as differential diagnoses of complex odontoma; however, in this case, with the presence of multiple denticles, the clinicoradiographic diagnosis of compound odontoma was made.[2],[7]

One of the theories of DC formation associated with odontoma is the presence of the enamel organ that is associated with the formation of both lesions, being formerly called cystic odontomas.[6],[11],[12] The authors also reported the hypothesis of a secondary trauma associated with an already-present lesion; however, a history of trauma was not reported by the patient.[11]

This clinical case report associated with the literature review of other reports highlights that the association of the DC with odontoma is rare and hence, further studies are needed to investigate the probable etiology of this association.

Declaration of patient consent

The authors certify that they have obtained all appropriate patient consent forms. In the form, the patient has given his consent for his images and other clinical information to be reported in the journal. The patient understands that his name and initials will not be published, and due efforts will be made to conceal his identity, but anonymity cannot be guaranteed.

Financial support and sponsorship

Nil.

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.



 
  References Top

1.
Dagrus K, Purohit S, Manjunatha BS. Dentigerous cyst arising from a complex odontoma: An unusual presentation. BMJ Case Rep 2016;2016:10.1136/bcr-2016-214936.  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.
El-Naggar AK, Chan JK, Grandis JR, Takata T, Slootweg PJ. WHO Classification: Head and Neck Tumours. 4th, ed. WHO Classification of Tumours; ISBN-13 (Print Book); 2017..  Back to cited text no. 2
    
3.
Astekar M, Manjunatha BS, Kaur P, Singh J. Histopathological insight of complex odontoma associated with a dentigerous cyst. BMJ Case Rep 2014;2014: pii: bcr2013200316.  Back to cited text no. 3
    
4.
Wanjari SP, Tekade SA, Parwani RN, Managutti SA. Dentigerous cyst associated with multiple complex composite odontomas. Contemp Clin Dent 2011;2:215-7.  Back to cited text no. 4
[PUBMED]  [Full text]  
5.
Bansal S, Kaur H, Bansal RN, Goyal P. An idiosyncratic post-traumatic tetrad: Compound odontome, dentigerous cyst, impaction, and double-dilaceration. Quintessence Int 2014;45:885-9.  Back to cited text no. 5
    
6.
De Visscher JG, Güven O, Elias AG. Complex odontoma in the maxillary sinus. Report of 2 cases. Int J Oral Surg 1982;11:276-80.  Back to cited text no. 6
    
7.
Biocic J, Macan D, Brajdic D, Manojlovic S, Butorac-Rakvin L, Hat J, et al. Large erupting complex odontoma in a dentigerous cyst removed by a piecemeal resection. Pediatr Dent 2010;32:255-9.  Back to cited text no. 7
    
8.
Jayachandran S, Kayal L, Sharma A, Priyanka K. Dilated odontoma: A report of two cases from a radiological perspective. Contemp Clin Dent 2016;7:107-10.  Back to cited text no. 8
[PUBMED]  [Full text]  
9.
Jayam C, Bandlapalli A, Patel N, Choudhary RS. A case of impacted central incisor due to dentigerous cyst associated with impacted compound odontome. BMJ Case Rep 2014;2014 pii: bcr2013202447.  Back to cited text no. 9
    
10.
Jeyaraj P, Murali Mohan S. Dentigerous cyst of mandible with multiple complex odontomes. Med J Armed Forces India 2008;64:382-3.  Back to cited text no. 10
    
11.
Moraes LcdS, Bravo RP, Duda JoG, Souza JF, Posso EM, Araújo MR. Impacted tooth associated with dentigerous cyst and compound odontoma – Case report. RSBO 2016;13:145-51.  Back to cited text no. 11
    
12.
Motokawa W, Braham RL, Morris ME, Tanaka M. Surgical exposure and orthodontic alignment of an unerupted primary maxillary second molar impacted by an odontoma and a dentigerous cyst: A case report. Quintessence Int 1990;21:159-62.  Back to cited text no. 12
    
13.
Sales MA, Cavalcanti MG. Complex odontoma associated with dentigerous cyst in maxillary sinus: Case report and computed tomography features. Dentomaxillofac Radiol 2009;38:48-52.  Back to cited text no. 13
    
14.
Chang JY, Wang JT, Wang YP, Liu BY, Sun A, Chiang CP. Odontoma: A clinicopathologic study of 81 cases. J Formos Med Assoc 2003;102:876-82.  Back to cited text no. 14
    


    Figures

  [Figure 1], [Figure 2], [Figure 3]
 
 
    Tables

  [Table 1]



 

Top
 
  Search
 
    Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
    Access Statistics
    Email Alert *
    Add to My List *
* Registration required (free)  

 
  In this article
Abstract
Introduction
Case Report
Discussion
References
Article Figures
Article Tables

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed158    
    Printed0    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded18    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal